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Political Tsunamis and Financial Meltdowns: Malaysia and the World
Co-sponsor: WEAI as part of the “Global Financial Crisis” series
Thomas Pepinsky, Assistant Professor of Government and Faculty Member of the Southeast Asia Program at Cornell University, talked about the political economy of crises and transitions, using Malaysia as his case study. The 'standard story' about the relationship between economic crises and political crises is that usually one precedes the other. An economic crisis may lead to a political crisis. Likewise, many economic crises are...
Policy Responses to Bubbles in Japan and the U.S.
Co-sponsors: Center on Japanese Economy and Business (CJEB), WEAI, as part of the “Global Financial Crisis” series
David Weinstein, Carl S. Shoup Professor of the Japanese Economy, Columbia University and Associate Director of Research at the Center on Japanese Economy and Business (CJEB), discussed central banks’ monetary policy responses to recent bubbles in the U.S. and Japan. Specifically, he examined lessons from the 1989 Japan bubble and their application to the current financial crisis.
Comparing the activity on the Nikkei...
Global Crisis and Exchange Rates in East Asia
Co-sponsors: CJEB, WEAI as part of the “Global Financial Crisis” series
Takatoshi Ito, Professor at the Graduate School of Economics at The University of Tokyo and former Deputy Vice Minister for International Affairs at the Ministry of Finance, Japan, spoke about the effect of the recent global financial crisis on East Asian currencies at SIPA. Professor Ito first pointed out that during the height of the financial crisis, no Asian countries went to the IMF for assistance, nor suffered serious...
Korea's Exit Strategy
Co-sponsor: WEAI, as part of the “Global Financial Crisis” series
Doowon Lee, Professor, School of Economics, Yonsei University and WEAI Visiting Scholar gave a presentation about Korea’s response to the financial crisis of late 2008. Korea had a capital account deficit of $50.9 billion and current account deficit of $6.4 billion, it had to pay back $10 billion to U.S. banks, and its stock market lost about a third of its value between September and November 2008. However, it fared better than...
Resurgent China: Issues for the Future
Co-sponsor: Greater China Initiative, School of International and Public Affairs
Mr. Nazrul Islam, Senior Economic Affairs Officer at the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, reviewed the topics in a recently published book he edited, “Resurgent China: Issues for the Future”. After three decades of fast economic growth, China is now the world’s largest exporter and second largest economy (in PPP terms), and is expected to become the largest economy in the world. Mr. Islam explored the...
Indonesia 2015: Demography, Geography and Spending for the Next Decade
Wolfgang Fengler, Senior Economist, Poverty Reduction and Economic Management from The World Bank in Jakarta gave a presentation regarding government spending priorities in Indonesia. The talk was moderated by Professor Michael Buehler of WEAI.
Dr. Fengler said that recent public expenditure trends have been alarming because subsidies to targeted industries like electricity and fuel have been crowding out social service spending. However, Fengler was mostly positive, pointing...
Islam, Elections, and Politics in Indonesia
Robin Bush, Director of The Asia Foundation, Jakarta, discussed recent election results in Indonesia, and broader trends within Islam in Indonesia. The talk was moderated by Professor Michael Buehler of WEAI.
During the recent April 10 elections, the four Islamic parties tallied only 5 - 8% each, totaling about 26%. This vote signified confidence in the ruling Democratic party, and a drastic reduction in support for the Islamic parties.
Dr. Bush believed the Islamic parties’...
Their Moment in the Sun: Indonesia’s New Gangster Politicians
Mr. Loren Ryter, Visiting Scholar and Lecturer at the University of Michigan, gave a presentation on the presence of former gang members, or “premans”, in the Indonesian parliament. The talk was moderated by Professor Michael Buehler of WEAI.
During the Suharto era, there were many youth organizations (Organisasi Kelompok Pemuda, or OKP in Indonesian) that supported the ruling party, Golkar. After Suharto resigned, the former leaders of OKPs were in a good position to campaign...
Language Shift and Language Death in Island Southeast Asia
James T. Collins, director of the Center for Southeast Asian Studies at Northern Illinois University, presented his research at Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs regarding the change of language patterns in Indonesia. The talk was moderated by Professor Michael Buehler of WEAI.
After studying Indonesian language use for 30 years, Professor Collins has determined that there are 600-800 languages spoken in the country. A reason for the existence of...
Timor-Leste Since the 1999 Referendum
John M. Miller, National Coordinator of the East Timor and Indonesia Action Network, gave a presentation at Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs regarding the development of East Timor as an independent state. The talk was moderated by Professor Michael Buehler of WEAI.
Mr. Miller spoke about East Timor’s long road towards independence, first from Portugal in 1975 and then finally from Indonesia in 2001. Miller also highlighted several events that...
ASEAN and the USA: Moving Forward Amidst Crises
Simon Tay, Associate Professor at the National University of Singapore and Chairman of the Singapore Institute of International Affairs, presented his views on the future of ASEAN and the possibility of re-establishing cooperation with the U.S. Tay said that, under the Bush administration, the U.S. had neglected ASEAN relations. With the advent of the Obama administration, Tay wondered if ASEAN would get more attention. If so, which issues will take priority? According to...
Language Regimes and State-Building in Southeast Asia
Emory University political science Ph.D. candidate Amy Liu presented her dissertation project examining language regime choice in Indonesia, Singapore and Taiwan. She argued that governments choose to share linguistic powers when the threat of state destabilization is high. The talk was moderated by Professor Michael Buehler of WEAI.
Liu characterized language regimes as institutions that affect individual behavior. Due to this institutional nature of language regimes, politicization of the...
Gendered Punishment and Punitive Memory in Democratic Kampuchea
Trudy Jacobsen, ARC Postdoctoral Fellow in the Monash Asia Institute and the School of Political and Social Inquiry, Monash University, described gender roles in Cambodia during the time of the Khmer Rouge and beyond. The panel was moderated by Professor Michael Buehler of WEAI.
When the Khmer Rouge came to power, they endorsed gender equality. However, since they didn’t make an effort to change the traditionally patriarchal attitudes in general, they made very little progress...
The Real Story Behind the International Human Rights Campaign for Burma: A Conversation with Burma Advocates from Asia and Europe
Democracy without Accountability: Party Cartels & Presidential Power in Indonesia
Environmental Activism in China
Book Talk and Reception: Legacy of Engagement in Southeast Asia
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Cara Mandarino, Medini Singh Win 2015 Service Awards
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