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This study investigates the effect of information asymmetry between managers and outsiders on the use of accounts receivable in financing the firm's operations. The information impounded in receivables pertains to the firm's customers rather than the firm and therefore differs from the information embedded in other assets. The unique information content of accounts receivable makes it a likely candidate to use as a financing tool for highly information asymmetric firms.
When people want an event to unfold in a certain manner, but perceive that they are unable to facilitate this result due to either circumstance or a low level of self-efficacy, they may be tempted to resort to irrational measures in order to increase the likelihood of success. This dissertation contains two essays that examine methods by which individuals attempt to exert control over events with uncertain outcomes, as well as the consumer behavior implications of these actions.
This dissertation is concerned with empirical evidence on the pricing of risky assets. The first chapter asks whether the surge in risk spreads during the recent financial crisis owes to credit or liquidity problems. To address this question, I form new credit and liquidity risk measures and then use these to decompose interest rate spreads into credit and liquidity components.
Chapter 1 proposes a two-country general equilibrium model with external habits and home-biased preferences that addresses a number of international finance puzzles. Specifically, the model reconciles the high degree of international risk sharing implied by relatively smooth exchange rates with the modest cross-country consumption growth correlations seen in the data, resolving the Brandt, Cochrane and Santa-Clara (2006) puzzle. Furthermore, the model matches the empirically observed low correlation between exchange rate changes and international consumption growth rate differentials.
This dissertation examines the financing frictions that private and public firms face. There is little disagreement that market imperfections exist and there is extensive theoretical literature arguing that external financing is costly. This dissertation contributes to the empirical literature that examines the magnitude of financing frictions. The first and second chapters study the financial constraints of private firms by exploiting a tax reform in Greece that altered the tax for family successions.
This study investigates whether private debt holders focus more on earnings or cash flows of their borrowers in debt evaluation. I utilize estimates of credit losses and realizable value of loans as reported by commercial banks in regulatory filings to explore how private debt holders react to information about borrowers' operating performance. I find that changes in estimates of credit losses are significantly associated with measures of borrowers' current and future operating performance, especially with operating income growth.
Intensive government regulation over the banking industry did not begin in the United States until the founding of the Federal Reserve in 1914. Before that, commercial banks run a set of community-based self-governance, called the clearing house, throughout the country. The clearing house organized collective action and facilitated mutual assistance during financial crises; it imposed self-discipline and urged prudential operations during regular time.
Starting with the aim of an actual contract implementation, this thesis contributes to the supply chain contracting literature at various levels in vertically differentiated settings.
This paper examines the economic consequences of SFAS 158 which requires firms to recognize the full funded status of defined benefit pension plans in the balance sheet by investigating: (1) market reactions to relevant rulemaking events; (2) managers' changes in making estimates for pension accounting and managing plan assets; and (3) firms' lobbying behavior against the regulatory change in anticipation of the consequences.
The buyout wave of the years 2004-2007, unprecedented in both number and value of transactions, motivates this study of the pricing of LBO risk in credit spreads. This work studies the effect of LBOs on the cross-sectional variation in corporate spreads, and, subsequently, discusses and proposes incorporation of this risk in credit pricing models.