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I propose a nuanced theoretical approach to understanding leader identity development in organizations. Past identity work has ignored or tangentially addressed phases of development that I term `leader identity stagnation' and `leader identity destruction'. Analysis of survey and network data examining West Point cadets' identities and friendship, leadership, and trust networks adds insight into the leader identity development process.
This dissertation delves into the relation between venture capital and innovation. The existing literature usually addresses this question by using industry-level data. In contrast, the analysis here relies on data at the company level on patents invented in venture-backed companies. The dissertation has four parts. The first part, a paper coauthored with my advisors Bruce Kogut and Morten Sorensen, examines the relation between venture capital and the rate and quality of companies' innovative activity.
This thesis examines the role of economic markets and agents in promoting entrepreneurship, and their impact on innovation. The first chapter focuses on small business creation within the context of the United States economy, while the second chapter looks at returns to high-technology entrepreneurship internationally.
This study provides evidence on a significant real consequence of an opaque financial reporting information environment: increased corporate tax avoidance. Using an international sample of firms, I find that firms with a more opaque information environment, as measured at both the firm and country level, exhibit higher levels of firm-specific tax avoidance.
In Chapter 1, I provide a general theoretical framework for the dissertation. In Chapter 2, I examine the association between cultural metacognition and intercultural effectiveness. In Chapter 3, I examine the conditions and cognitive mechanisms that facilitate application and updating of cultural knowledge among individuals high on cultural metacognition. I further test whether related individual difference factors can explain the hypotheses I proposed in Chapter 3.
This dissertation contains three chapters that describe the discretion of prosecutors in different ways. The first is a quantitative study that measures how many different interpretations a statute has and how that affects conviction rate. The second is an experiment that has mock prosecutors act out a courtroom situation to see if they select a law that is more just or one that gives them a higher economic pay-off. The third is a qualitative article that uses interviews with prosecutors and a survey to answer questions that are not addressed in the other two chapters.
Be it a shiny sports car or a luxury watch, consumers are predisposed to approach appealing objects. However, rules of modern society restrict consumers from touching or taking objects based on a mere desire to do so. Instead, consumers must have a legal connection to an object--ownership--in order to have mastery over it. What are the cognitive implications of the transparent boundaries that society draws between consumers and objects that they do not own? Can these boundaries affect the way consumers mentally represent owned and unowned objects?
This dissertation explores what influences consumer financial decisions with consequences that recur over time, such as mortgages and recurring payment plans in contracts. This dissertation investigates two questions: (1) How do individual differences in intertemporal preferences influence how consumers think about recurring financial events? (2) How does the aggregation level used to describe the recurring financial consequences impact how consumers mentally represent the purchase?
This dissertation examines how and when, both powerfulness and powerlessness, can each lead to corrupt behavior. The first half of this dissertation (Chapters 2 to 5) focuses on the link between power and corrupt behavior. Building on previous work that expansive posture induces a state of power, four studies tested whether expansive posture incidentally imposed by our environment lead to increases in dishonest behavior.
In this thesis, we study the implications of multi-party pricing for both consumers and producers in different settings. Within most organizations, the final price of a product or service is usually the result of a chain of pricing decisions. This chain may consist of different departments of the same company as well as different companies in a specific industry. Understanding the implications of such chains on the final prices and on consumer and producer surplus is the key topic of this dissertation.