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Fracking Biographies

Mark K. Boling, President of V+ Development Solutions and General Counsel, Southwestern Energy Company. Mark K. Boling is President of V+ Development Solutions, a division of Southwestern Energy Company. The mission of V+ Development Solutions is to identify, develop and implement solutions to the challenges of unconventional resource development that strike an appropriate balance among the environmental, social and economic impacts of the Company’s activities. Prior to joining Southwestern in January of 2002, he was in private practice in Houston, Texas, specializing in oil and gas transactional work. Mr. Boling was a partner with the law firm of Fulbright & Jaworski L.L.P. where he practiced in the firm’s Oil & Gas/Real Estate Section from 1982 to 1993. Mr. Boling holds a Juris Doctorate degree from Southern Methodist University and a Bachelor of Science degree in Geology from DePauw University. Mr. Boling is a frequent speaker on a variety of topics relating to unconventional oil and gas developments and hydraulic fracturing operations. He participated in the preparation of the Atlantic Council report titled “European Unconventional Gas Developments – Environmental Issues and Regulatory Challenges in the EU and the U.S.” and he was appointed by Governor Andrew Cuomo to serve on the New York Advisory Panel on High-Volume Hydraulic Fracturing. Mr. Boling initiated and continues to lead the effort by Southwestern Energy Company to collaborate with the Environmental Defense Fund and other environmental NGOs to develop a Model Regulatory Framework for Hydraulic Fracturing Operations. The London Financial Times recently named Mr. Boling the U.S. Innovative Lawyer for 2012.Mr. Boling is a member of the American (Environment, Energy and Resources and Business Law Sections), Arkansas (Natural Resources Law Section) and Texas (Oil, Gas & Mineral Law and Corporate Counsel Sections) Bar Associations.


Jason Bordoff, Director, Center on Global Energy Policy and Professor of Professional Practice, School of International and Public Affairs at Columbia University. Jason Bordoff joined the Columbia faculty after serving until January 2013 as Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Energy and Climate Change on the Staff of the National Security Council, and, prior to that, holding senior policy positions on the White House’s National Economic Council and Council on Environmental Quality. One of the nation’s top energy policy experts, he joined the Administration in April 2009. At Columbia's School of International and Public Affairs, Bordoff is a professor of professional practice and serves as Director of SIPA’s Center on Global Energy Policy. Bordoff's research and policy interests lie at the intersection of economics, energy, environment, and national security. Prior to joining the White House, Bordoff was the Policy Director of the Hamilton Project, an economic policy initiative housed at the Brookings Institution. He is also a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, a consultant to the National Intelligence Council, and serves on the board of the Association of Marshall Scholars. During the Clinton Administration, Bordoff served as an advisor to the Deputy Secretary of the U.S. Treasury Department. He was also a consultant with McKinsey & Company, one of the leading global strategy consultancies. Bordoff graduated with honors from Harvard Law School, where he was treasurer and an editor of the Harvard Law Review, and clerked on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit. He also holds an MLitt degree from Oxford University, where he studied as a Marshall Scholar, and a BA magna cum laude and Phi Beta Kappa from Brown University.


Travis Bradford, President and Founder of the Prometheus Institute for Sustainable Development and Associate Professor of Professional Practice, School of International and Public Affairs at Columbia University. Travis Bradford is the president and founder of the Prometheus Institute for Sustainable Development, a nonprofit organization focused on harnessing the power of the business sector to develop cost-effective and sustainable solutions in technologies, including energy, water, food, and recycling. Through the Institute, he helped launch Greentech Media and the Carbon War Room. He currently teaches full-time at Columbia University's School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia Business School, and in the Earth Institute's Masters in Sustainability Management. Bradford has lectured on finance, entrepreneurship, and alternative energy economics at many leading universities in the U.S, and was previously a professor at the University of Chicago and Duke University MBA programs on Energy Innovation.His published works include Solar Revolution: The Economic Transformation of the Global Energy Industry, published by the MIT Press, and dozens of global market research reports on the energy industry. He is an annual contributor to the REN21 Global Renewables Status Report and is a Reviewer for the 5th IPCC report. Bradford earned a bachelor's degree in finance from Georgia State University in 1992 and an MBA from the NYU Stern School of Business in 1996. In 2006, he received an MPA degree from Harvard's Kennedy School of Government. He has previously worked at the Federal Reserve and as a partner at various public and private equity and venture investment firms in the cleantech sector and beyond.


Mark Brownstein, Associate Vice President & Chief Counsel of the US Climate & Energy Program, Environmental Defense Fund. Mark Brownstein is Associate Vice President & Chief Counsel of the US Climate & Energy Program at Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) and leads EDF’s natural gas efforts.  Additionally, Mark is an Adjunct Professor of International and Public Affairs at Columbia’s School of International and Public Affairs (SIPA) and a Governance Committee member of The Coalition on the Environment and Jewish Life (COEJL).  Mark also specializes in utility-related issues, including transmission development, wholesale and retail electric market design, rate reform, and power plant siting and investment. Mark was one of two EDF staff leads on the United States Climate Action Partnership, a coalition of the nation’s leading corporations and environmental groups championing immediate action on federal legislation to cap and substantially reduce greenhouse gas pollution across the US economy.  He is co-author of the Carbon Principles, a set of enhanced due diligence principles for investment banks considering the financing of coal fired power plants. Prior to joining EDF, Mark was Director of Enterprise Strategy for Public Service Enterprise Group (PSEG), where he worked directly with PSEG’s senior leadership in crafting and implementing the corporation’s business strategy. Aside from PSEG, Mark’s career includes time as an attorney in private environmental practice, a regulator with the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, and an aide to then-Congressman Robert G. Torricelli (D–NJ).


Michael Burger, Associate Professor, Roger Williams University School of Law. Michael Burger is an Associate Professor at Roger Williams University School of Law. His scholarship on environmental federalism has thus far addressed emerging regulatory responses to hydraulic fracturing, offshore wind and local climate change initiatives. Recently, he represented a coalition of local government association as amici in the Supreme Court case (italics) American Trucking Associations v. City of Los Angeles. In addition, his cross-disciplinary scholarship on the intersections of environmental law and environmental literature addresses the role of stories, rhetoric and narrative in environmental litigation. Recent articles have appeared or are forthcoming in the University of Akron Law Review, the University of Cincinnati Law Review, the University of Hawaii Law Review, Ecology Law Quarterly and other journals and books. Prior to joining the faculty at RWU, he was assistant acting professor of Lawyering at New York University School of Law, and an assistant corporation counsel in the Office of the Corporation Counsel of the City of New York, where he worked on issues ranging from global warming to the protection of the City's drinking water supply to the renovation of Washington Square Park. He is a graduate of Columbia Law School.


Timothy Fitzgerald, Assistant Professor, Montana State University. Timothy Fitzgerald is an assistant professor in the Department of Agricultural Economics & Economics at Montana State University. He holds a Ph.D. from the University of Maryland. His research interests include energy, environmental, and natural resource economics. Fitzgerald is the 2012-13 John V. Krutilla Fellow at Resources for the Future.


Dave Freudenthal, Former Governor of Wyoming and Senior Counsel, Crowell & Moring LLP. Dave Freudenthal, a Wyoming native, served two terms as Wyoming’s 31st governor. In 2002, Freudenthal, a Democrat and first-time candidate, won an upset victory in one of America’s most overwhelmingly Republican states. When he stepped down in 2011, his approval rating was over eighty percent—at the top among all U.S. governors—and he left his successor with a balanced budget and a billion dollar surplus. Approximately twelve percent of all energy consumed in America originates in Wyoming. As the nation’s least populous state, Wyoming maintains a resource-based economy, relying primarily on mineral and energy extraction, tourism and agriculture for its economic livelihood. Wyoming was the first state to adopt meaningful regulation of hydraulic fracturing. It is also the leader in establishing a legal framework for carbon capture and sequestration. Under Freudenthal, significant effort was devoted to the Wyoming Pipeline Authority and the Wyoming Infrastructure Authority whose missions are to increase the pipeline capacity and electric transmission infrastructure to move Wyoming’s energy to national markets. Freudenthal’s leadership on natural resource development issues led to his service as Chairman of Western Governors Association and Chairman of the Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission. Prior to his terms as Governor, Freudenthal served as U.S. Attorney for the District of Wyoming from 1994 to 2001. His case load included federal mineral royalties, Migratory Bird Treaty Act violations, and improper “cap and seal” of oil and gas wells. Freudenthal is currently Senior Counsel with Crowell & Moring in their Cheyenne office with practice emphasis on energy and natural resources.


Michael B. Gerrard, Andrew Sabin Professor of Professional Practice, Columbia Law School. Michael B. Gerrard is Andrew Sabin Professor of Professional Practice at Columbia Law School, where he teaches courses on environmental and energy law and directs the Center for Climate Change Law. He is also Associate Chair of the Faculty of Columbia’s Earth Institute. Before joining the Columbia faculty in January 2009, he was partner in charge of the 110-lawyer New York office of Arnold & Porter LLP; he is now Senior Counsel to the firm. He practiced environmental law in New York City full time from 1979 to 2008 and tried numerous cases and argued many appeals in federal and state courts and administrative tribunals. He was the 2004-2005 chair of the American Bar Association’s 10,000-member Section of Environment, Energy and Resources. He has also chaired the Executive Committee of the Association of the Bar of the City of New York, and the Environmental Law Section of the New York State Bar Association. He is currently a member of the executive committees of the boards of the Environmental Law Institute and the American College of Environmental Lawyers. Legal Media Group’s Guide to the World’s Leading Environment Lawyers, based on 4,000 questionnaires, reported in 2005 and again in 2007 that Gerrard "received more personal nominations for this guide than any other lawyer in the world."He received his B.A. from Columbia University and his J.D. from New York University Law School, where he was a Root Tilden Scholar.


Deborah Goldberg, Managing Attorney, Earthjustice. Deborah Goldberg is the Managing Attorney of Earthjustice’s northeast regional office, located in New York City. Earthjustice, the nation’s largest non-profit environmental law firm, is dedicated to protecting the magnificent places, natural resources, and wildlife of this earth and to defending the right of all people to a healthy environment. Since her arrival at Earthjustice in July 2008, Ms. Goldberg has been working to protect public health and the environment from the adverse effects of gas development in the Marcellus and Utica Shale regions. Her litigation has focused on water impacts of gas wastes; the potential health, safety, and environmental consequences of infrastructure development; the public’s right to know; and local authority to zone out heavy industry, including oil and gas activities. Ms. Goldberg also has testified about those issues before legislative and regulatory bodies and appears regularly at public events and in the news media. After graduating from Harvard Law School, Ms. Goldberg served as a law clerk for then-Judge Stephen Breyer of the First Circuit Court of Appeals and the late Constance Baker Motley of the Southern District of New York. She then spent a decade in private practice, concentrating on environmental law. Before joining Earthjustice, Ms. Goldberg was the Democracy Program Director of the Brennan Center for Justice at NYU School of Law, where she engaged in research, public education, advocacy, and litigation related to voting rights and electoral reform. She also holds a Ph.D. in philosophy and taught ethics for three years at Columbia University.


Jesse J. Greene Jr., Senior Fellow, Richard Paul Richman Center for Business, Law, and Public Policy. Jesse J. Greene Jr. is currently a consultant and is serving on the Board of Directors and Public Policy Committee of Caterpillar, Inc. He also is a Senior Fellow at the Richman Center, a partnership of Columbia Law and Business Schools, and Executive in Residence at Columbia Business School. He was Vice President Financial Management and Chief Financial Risk Officer at IBM. From 2002 to 2007 he was Vice President and Treasurer of IBM with responsibility for tax, pension investments, real estate, investor relations and other matters. Mr. Greene began his career at IBM in 1971, and has held a broad range of positions in IBM including Associate Engineer, Tax Attorney, Vice President in the Global Finance unit and Assistant Treasurer from 1991 to 1994. In 1994, Mr. Greene joined Eastman Kodak in Rochester, New York, first as Treasurer and finally as Senior Vice President, Strategy and Information Technology. In 2000, he joined Compaq Computer Corporation in Houston, Texas and served as Chief Financial officer. In 2002 he returned to IBM. Mr. Greene graduated from Columbia Law School with a JD and Columbia Business School with an MBA. He also holds a Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering and Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering from New York University School of Engineering and Science. He is a member of the New York State Bar Association, the American Society of Mechanical Engineers and the Economic Club of New York. He has also served on the Board of Directors of the Strong Medical Center in Rochester, NY.


Geoffrey M. Heal, Donald C. Waite III Professor of Social Enterprise, Columbia Business School. Geoffrey M. Heal is noted for contributions to economic theory and resource and environmental economics. He holds bachelors and doctoral degrees from Cambridge and an Honorary Doctorate from the Universite´ de Paris Dauphine. Author of eighteen books and about two hundred articles, he is a Fellow of the Econometric Society, Past President of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, recipient of its prize for publications of enduring quality and Life Fellow, a Director of the Union of Concerned Scientists and a founder, Director and Chairman of the Board of the Coalition for Rainforest Nations. Heal chaired a committee of the National Academy of Sciences on valuing ecosystem services, was a Commissioner of the Pew Oceans Commission, is an IPCC coordinating lead author, was a member of President Sarkozy’s Commission on the Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress and of the advisory board for the World Bank’s 2010 World Development Report and UNEP’s 2011 Human Development Report, and advises the World Bank on its Green Growth Project. He is also a Director of Public Business and has been a principal in two startup companies and on the investment committee of a green private equity group.


Christopher S. Kulander, Assistant Professor, Texas Tech University School of Law. Christopher S. Kulander teaches oil and gas law, property and mining law at the Texas Tech School of Law. He is also Of Counsel to Haynes and Boone, LLP. He joined the faculty in the summer of 2011 and is admitted to practice in Texas and New Mexico. He received his J.D. from the University of Oklahoma, where he was managing editor for the Oklahoma Bar Mineral Law Newsletter, note editor and assisting managing editor for the American Indian Law Review, and research assistant for Owen L. Anderson, Eugene Kuntz Chair of Oil and Gas Law. Before teaching, Professor Kulander practiced for four years in the Houston office of Haynes and Boone, LLP within the Energy Practice Group, focusing on energy lending, finance, and bankruptcy. Prior to that, he practiced for two years with Cotton & Bledsoe in Midland, Texas, focusing on oil and gas title and leasing. Before law school, he received his B.S. and M.S. in geology from Wright State in Dayton, Ohio, and his Ph.D. in geophysics (petroleum seismology) from Texas A&M, after which he worked as a geophysicist for the U.S. Geological Survey. He has written and published in the fields of oil and gas law, land use control, and American Indian law as well as in geology and petroleum seismology.


Michael A. Levi, David M. Rubenstein Senior Fellow for Energy and the Environment and Director of the Program on Energy Security and Climate Change, Council on Foreign Relations. Michael A. Levi is the David M. Rubenstein Senior Fellow for Energy and the Environment at the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) and Director of the CFR Program on Energy Security and Climate Change. An expert on climate change, energy security, arms control and nuclear terrorism, Michael is the author of The Power Surge: Energy, Opportunity, and the Battle for America’s Future (Oxford University Press), published in 2013. The Power Surge tells the story of two ongoing revolutions in American energy and the clash between them, evaluating their consequences and explaining how the United States should take advantage of its new opportunities. Michael is also at work on a book that explores the causes and consequences of China's global quest for natural resources. Michael’s previous book, On Nuclear Terrorism (Harvard University Press), was published in 2007. He is a member of the Advisory Board to Princeton University's Carbon Mitigation Initiative and the Strategic Advisory Board for NewWorld Capital LLC. Previously a fellow at the Brookings Institution, Michael holds a Bachelors of Science in mathematical physics from Queen’s University, an MA in physics from Princeton University and a Ph.D. in war studies from the University of London.


Thomas Merrill, Charles Evans Hughes Professor of Law, Columbia Law School. Thomas W. Merrill is the Charles Evans Hughes Professor of Law at Columbia Law School, where he teaches property, torts, and administrative law. He previously taught at Northwestern University School of Law and Yale Law School. He has undergraduate degrees from Grinnell College and Oxford University and a law degree from the University of Chicago. He clerked on the D.C. Circuit (for Chief Judge David Bazelon) and the U.S. Supreme Court (for Justice Harry Blackmun) and served as Deputy Solicitor General (from 1987 to 1990). Professor Merrill is the author of Property: Principles and Policies (Foundation Press, 2nd ed. 2012) (with Henry E. Smith); The Oxford Introductions to U.S. Law: Property (2010) (also with Smith); and Property:Takings (Foundation Press 2002)(with David Dana); as well as numerous articles. He is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.


David M. Schizer, Dean and the Lucy G. Moses Professor of Law and Harvey R. Miller Professor of Law and Economics, Columbia Law School. David M. Schizer became the fourteenth dean of Columbia Law School in 2004. To broaden the curriculum and facilitate greater interactions between faculty and students, he has added 32 new faculty members since July 2004. While modernizing the Law School’s first-year curriculum and strengthening the upper-year curriculum, Dean Schizer has launched new centers and programs in transactional studies, national security, intellectual property, climate change, global legal transformation, institutional and social change, public research and leadership, and Indian law. Joint ventures with Columbia Business School include an accelerated J.D./M.B.A. program and the Richard Paul Richman Center for Business, Law, and Public Policy. He also expanded study-abroad partnerships with the University of Oxford, the University of Amsterdam, Sciences Po, and Paris I. Dean Schizer has increased the financial support received by Columbia Law School and strengthened the Law School’s support for those working in government and public interest jobs. Dean Schizer worked at Davis Polk & Wardwell before joining the Law School faculty in 1998 and earned his B.A., M.A., and J.D. from Yale University. He clerked for Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg during the 1994–95 term and for Judge Alex Kozinski of the 9th Circuit during the 1993–94 term.


Charles B. Stanley, Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer, QEP Resources, Inc. Charles B. (Chuck) Stanley is chairman, president and chief executive officer of QEP Resources, Inc., a leading independent natural gas and oil exploration and production company. QEP operations are focused in the Rocky Mountain and Midcontinent regions of the United States. The company also gathers, compresses, treats, and processes natural gas. Chuck is a past-president of Western Energy Alliance, is a member of the executive committee and vice chair of America's Natural Gas Alliance, is a board member of the American Exploration and Production Council, and is a member of the executive committee of the US Oil & Gas Association. He is also a director of Hecla Mining Company, a gold and silver mining company.


Hannah Wiseman, Assistant Professor, Florida State University of Law. Hannah Wiseman, an Assistant Professor at the Florida State University College of Law, received an A.B. from Dartmouth College (summa cum laude) and her J.D. from Yale Law School. Professor Wiseman researches governance challenges at the intersection of land use, energy, and environmental law, and she has explored these issues in the shale gas context since 2008, when she was a Visiting Assistant Professor at the University of Texas School of Law. Her work has surveyed and compared the content of regulations in more than sixteen states that host shale oil and gas activity or soon will; she also has collected and begun to analyze enforcement data from well sites around the country. Her forthcoming papers in this area are theoretical, asking why agencies often fail to recognize that changes in scale, as opposed to technology, should trigger regulatory response, and whether states actually serve as regulatory laboratories. Professor Wiseman’s articles have been published in the Georgetown Law Journal, the Harvard Environmental Law Review, the Emory Law Journal (co-authored), the Columbia Law Review Sidebar, Natural Gas & Electricity, the Duke Environmental Law & Policy Forum, and the Illinois Law Review (co-authored, forthcoming) among others. Her most recent articles on shale gas development are forthcoming in the Boston University Law Review and the University of Colorado Law Review.

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