2003-2004 Events Archive
A Discussion of Branding in the Nonprofit Sector
featuring Jeff Swystun, Global Director, Interbrand Foundation
When: Wednesday, April 15, 2004, 1:30 p.m.
Where: 141 Uris Hall, Columbia Business School
Please RSVP to ÆSusan-Joan Mauriello at email@example.com by April 13.
Lunch will be provided!
This event is presented jointly by the Social Enterprise Club and Marketing Association of Columbia.
The Social Enterprise Club empowers students and inspires the Columbia Business School community to create social value in private and public enterprises.
Out of respect for the speaker, no one will be permitted to enter or leave the presentation once it has begun. During the presentation, please turn off your cell phones and laptops.
When: Wednesday, April 14, 2004, 2:15 p.m. - 3:45 p.m.
Where: 1134 International Affairs Building
Deloitte's Environment & Sustainability service line offers advisory services in the areas of corporate accountability and responsibility, sustainability reporting and assurance, integration of sustainability into existing business processes and practices and climate change / emissions trading services.
- Are companies paying more attention to corporate citizenship?
- Are they doing anything about it?
- What are the drivers behind CSR?
- And, of course, are there jobs in the field?
Robert Jonardi and Julie Hoesterey will speak from the unique perspective of a consultant and an internal CSR practitioner about the growing attention that companies pay to corporate social responsibility.
A light lunch and drinks will be served
When: Thursday, April 8, 2004, 1:30 p.m. - 3:00 p.m.
Where: 303 Uris Hall, Columbia Business School
Susan McDade, Manager Sustainable Energy Program, UNDP will be the featured speaker. This event is presented by the Energy Club.
When: Monday, April 5, 2004, 6:00 p.m. - 7:15 p.m.
Where: 326 Uris Hall, Columbia Business School
In 2003 Citigroup worked with 3 other banks to develop a volunteer set of guidelines/common principles to address environmental and social issues that relate to developed projects which are being financed by these and other banks.
Modeled on the International Finance Corporation's and the World Bank's environmental and social guidelines and policies, the Equator Principles (EP) require environmental management plans (EMPs) for sensitive projects to ensure that they protect natural habitats and the rights of indigenous peoples and provide safeguards against child and forced labor. To date, the group of banks that have signed up for this framework has raised to 20, and it is estimated that this group is responsible for approximately 75% of worldwide project financing loans. EP was an entirely private sector initiative to get the financiers to commit to provide funding for only those projects which were environmentally and socially appropriate.
Robert Dewing is coming to campus to discuss the basis of the equator principles, the current status of implementation and the estimated impact.
When: Thursday, April 1, 2004, 6:30 p.m.
Where: Uris Deli
When: Thursday, April 1, 2004, 1:30 p.m. - 3:00 p.m.
Where: 303 Uris Hall, Columbia Business School
Matt Christensen, Executive Director of Eurosif, will be the featured guest speaker at this event.
Matt Christensen is the Executive Director for Eurosif, the European Sustainable and Responsible Investment Forum. Matt comes from an international background in consultancy and operational management. As a strategy consultant with Braxton Associates for 5 years, Matt advised senior management of EuropeÍs leading institutions about business strategy. His sectors of focus included financial services, media and retail. Prior to his position at Eurosif, he was the European Development Director for the UK based Motley Fool, a media company focused on personal finance and the promotion of shareholder advocacy. Matt holds an MA from the University of Pennsylvania in International Political Economy and an MBA from the Wharton School.
Eurosif is the pan-European stakeholder network for promoting and developing sustainable and responsible investment. Eurosif was created in 2001 as an initiative of five European Social Investment Forums (SIFs) from France, the German-speaking countries, Italy, the Netherlands and the UK, with support from the European Commission's DG Employment and Social Affairs. EurosifÍs creation has been driven by the growing interests of institutional investors, NGOs and the European Commission in the development and encouragement of corporate responsibility through sustainable and responsible investment (SRI) across Europe.
The event is co-sponsored with the European Society.
When: Wednesday, March 24, 2004, 7:30 p.m.
Where: 141 Uris Hall, Columbia Business School
Education Forum and the Social Enterprise Club of Columbia Business School invite you to attend a panel discussion on The Business of Charter Schools.
The moderator will be Pearl Rock Kane, an associate professor of education at Teachers College and director of the Klingenstein Center for Independent School Education.
Dale Robinson Anglin, Director of Resource Development for New Community Corporation, the largest community development corporation in the United States, and a founder of the Cesar Chavez Public Charter High School for Public Policy in Washington, D. C.
Norman Atkins, Co-Founder and Executive Director of North Star Academy Charter School of Newark, NJ
Doug McCurry, Executive Director of Achievement First, a school reform non-profit, and a founder of the Amistad Academy, a charter school in New Haven, CT
Evan Rudall, a Columbia Law School student and Founder and Co-Director of Roxbury Preparatory Charter School
And Bill Triant, a former high school teacher in the Boston Public Schools and now an associate with the education investment firm Leeds Weld & Co.
The Education Forum, or EdForum, is a graduate student organization promoting improvements in education policy and practice. Formerly known as Positive Progress, it is a collaborative group of students from Columbia's professional graduate schools: Teachers College, Columbia Law School, Columbia Business School, SIPA, and the School of Social Work.
When: Tuesday, March 23, 2004, 7:00 p.m.
Where: West End Back Room, 113 St. and Broadway
Come to the CORPS Kickoff.
When: Thursday, March 4, 2004, 7:00 p.m. - 8:30 p.m.
Where: William Warren Hall, Room 101, Columbia Business School
Sarah Scrogin (MBA 2003) will be hosting the discussion. Sarah has worked extensively with charter schools. She currently teaches at a school in the Bronx and plans to start her own small school in the future.
This event is sponsored by The EdForum Discussion Series, an inter-school forum for students interested in education.
New Paradigms for Corporate Social Responsibility
with Chandran Nair, Chairman of Asia Pacific, Environmental Resources Management, Inc. (ERM)
When: Thursday, February 26, 2004, 6:00 p.m. - 8:00 p.m.
Where: Columbia Business School, Warren Hall, Room 208.
Environmental Resources Management (ERM) is one of the world's leading providers of environmental consulting services, with more than 100 offices in 37 countries throughout Europe, Asia, Latin America and the United States. ERM's services include environmental management for industry; liability and site management; new development; and advice on sustainable development and resource management.
Chandran Nair will focus not on the "hows" of corporate social responsibility, but on the "whys," with an attempt to provoke thinking around the new paradigms that corporations must deal with in an increasingly troubled and polarized world. Far too often the response by corporations highlights a misunderstanding of what the "other side" believes are the causes and effects of their actions on the disenfranchised. There is also an increasingly passionate debate underway about the impact of corporate behavior worldwide with regard to North-South issues, which will shape the CSR debate. Corporations need to not only be aware of these issues but also find the means to integrate responses into decision making at the highest levels. Their responses will need to be shaped by an increasing trend calling not just for CSR, but for CSA (Corporate Social Accountability).
Chandran Nair is Chairman of Asia-Pacific for ERM and has responsibilities for the firm's consulting business in the region, where the Group currently has 20 offices in 12 countries. Mr. Nair frequently advises multinationals on trends in the Asia-Pacific region particularly in relation to challenges of globalization, investment geo-politics, stakeholder rights and corporate social responsibilities. He is Asia-Pacific advisor to the Prince of Wales Business Leaders Forum and has given talks to members of the EU and international industry groups. Prior to joining ERM in 1990, Mr. Nair worked in London, Africa and Thailand in the field of ultra pure water systems, rural water supply and sanitation, community education, public health and environmental engineering.
Sponsored by the Social Enterprise Program and the the Chazen Institute. Contact Sandra Navalli (firstname.lastname@example.org) for more information and to RSVP.
When: Monday, February 23, 2004, 4:00 p.m. - 6:00 p.m.
Where: Jerome Greene Hall, Room 107.
"No Child Left Behind" was enacted in 2002. Two years later it remains a source of great controversy. This panel will discuss the concrete impact the law is having on the way schools are run, teachers are hired, and students are taught. It will certainly be a major issue in the upcoming Presidential Election.
This event is co-sponsored by The Education Forum and The Youth Justice Education
The Education Forum is a consortium of students from Columbia Business School, Columbia Law School, Teachers College, SIPA, and the School of Social Work. For more information, contact Carol Sterlacci at email@example.com or Adam Lenter at firstname.lastname@example.org
When: Thursday, February 19, 2004, 6:00 p.m. - 8:00 p.m.
Where: Columbia Business School, Warren Hall, Room L107.
Panelists will focus on how values and ethical conduct affect leadership, innovation and entrepreneurship. Featured panelists: Georg Kell, Executive Head, United Nations Global Compact; Stephen Jordan, Vice President and Executive Director, US Chamber of Commerce Center for Corporate Citizenship; and Nigel Thompson, Executive Director, Economic and Development Strategy, Merck & Co. Moderated by Ray Horton, Director of the Social Enterprise Program.
Microfinance Informal Coffee Hour
with Dr. Antonio Vives, Manager, Inter-American Development Bank
When: Wednesday, February 18, 2004, 2:15 p.m. - 3:00 p.m. (prior to the International Microfinance Consulting class)
Where: 415, Warren Hall, Columbia Business School.
Dr Vives is Deputy Manager, Financial Markets & Private Enterprise, of the IADB's Sustainable Development Department. He is in charge of policies, strategies, best practices, dissemination of experiences, quality enhancement and relations with international institutions in the areas of Environment, Infrastructure, Financial Markets and Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises at the IADB. He has been with the Inter-American Development Bank in various capacities for the past 24 years. He is also Chairman of the Organizing Committee of The Inter-American Conference on Corporate Social Responsibility and Vice-Chairman of the Investment Committee of the Pension Fund of the Bank.
Before joining the Bank, Mr. Vives was a professor at Simon Bolivar University and IESA Graduate School of Management in Venezuela, and has taught at Carnegie Mellon, George Washington and Virginia Tech universities in the United States. He has authored a textbook on corporate financial evaluation, edited two on Corporate Social Responsibility and published numerous articles on financial management and private infrastructure. Mr. Vives holds a degree in Chemical Engineering from Universidad Central de Venezuela, a master's degree in Industrial Administration, and a Ph.D. in Finance (Corporate Finance and Capital Markets), both from Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
When: Tuesday, February 17, 2004, 5:00 p.m. - 6:15 p.m.
Where: 142, Uris Hall, Columbia Business School.
Environmentalist, Libertarian, and Winner of the 2003 Ernst & Young Entrepreneur of the Year Award, John Mackey, Founder & CEO of WholeFoods Market, will be presenting, "A New Business Paradigm." Watch the video here.
Sponsored by Global Social Venture Competition, Social Enterprise Club and Columbia Entrepreneurs Organization
Social Entrepreneurs and the Power of New Ideas
with David Bornstein
When: Thursday, February 12, 2004, 1:30 p.m. - 3:00 p.m.
Where: Columbia Business School, 303 Uris Hall.
David Bornstein is a journalist who specializes in writing about social innovation. His new book, "How to Change the World: Social Entrepreneurs and the Power of New Ideas," tells the story of Ashoka and its founder, Bill Drayton, and profiles social entrepreneurs from around the world, many of whom are Ashoka Fellows. These individuals have made significant inroads to addressing huge social problems by questioning the status quo, exploiting new opportunities and refusing to give up.
Sponsored by the Social Enterprise Club. Contact Rebecca Thomas (email@example.com) for more information and to RSVP.
When: Thursday, February 12, 2004, 1:30 p.m.
Where: Columbia Business School, 142 Uris Hall.
The Africana Club Presents
James A. Harmon, CEO Harmon & Co., Chairman, Commissions Report on Capital Flow to Africa, Former CEO, Export-Import Bank
Background: Prior to joining Exim Bank, Mr. Harmon spent 38 years as an investment banker at Wertheim & Co., an international investment bank which in 1986 partnered with Schroders plc (U.K.) to form Wertheim Schroder & Co. Mr. Harmon served as Chairman and CEO of Wertheim Schroder for 10 years. As Chairman and CEO of the Exim Bank, Mr. Harmon focused the Bank's attention on maximizing support for exporters and changing the Bank to maintain the competitive position of U.S. exporters in the world marketplace. Mr. Harmon led the Bank's Africa initiative, increasing support for exports to sub-Saharan Africa from $50 million in 1998 to nearly $1 billion in year 2000. During his tenure, Mr. Harmon encouraged the establishment of new approaches to assist and attract exporters such as financing in local currency, lending to subsovereign entities and making the Bank more responsive to its clients. After heading the Ex-Im bank, Mr. Harmon returned to investment banking to advise and assist developing world countries and U.S. companies to expand in international markets. Mr. Harmon is the chairman of the Commission on Capital Flows to Africa, a ten year strategy for increasing capital flow to Africa.
"It is a document of which I am proud, because it offers a comprehensive and bold strategy to accelerate Africa's growth and integration into the global economy. This goal, if achieved, will benefit not only millions of African men and women but also, in many respects, the people of the United States".
When: Tuesday, February 10, 2004, 1:30 p.m. - 3:00 p.m.
Where: Columbia Business School, 327 Uris Hall.
The CORPS Fellowship Program provides a financial subsidy to MBA students doing summer internships in the nonprofit and public sectors. The CORPS enables MBA students to contribute financial, analytical and management skills to social sector organizations that otherwise could not afford to hire them.
The information session will cover the application process, including eligibility, selection criteria, and hints for identifying a quality nonprofit internship. Please RSVP to Carolyn Champ at firstname.lastname@example.org
When: Thursday, February 5, 2004, 5:00 p.m.
Where: Columbia Business School, 307 Uris Hall.
Event presented by:
Linda M. Distlerath, Ph.D., J.D.
Vice President, Global Health Policy
Merck & Co., Inc.
Dr. Linda Distlerath is Vice President, Global Health Policy for Merck & Co., Inc. based in Whitehouse Station, NJ. The Global Health Policy group serves to leverage Merck's role in global health, building upon strategic philanthropic initiatives such as the Mectizan Donation Program, the African Comprehensive HIV/AIDS Partnerships in Botswana, vaccine donation programs and other health, public policy and educational programs supported by Merck's leadership, expertise and resources worldwide. As head of Global Health Policy, Linda plays a key role in facilitating relationship-building on behalf of Merck with public and private sectors partners in the development and implementation of public health and educational programs. Linda also provides strategic direction in the development and advocacy of public policy to achieve Merck's key global health goals in alignment with business and philanthropic objectives.
Linda joined the Merck Research Laboratories in 1984 as a clinical research associate, and in 1989 moved to Public Affairs, where she held positions of Executive Director for Public Affairs for the Merck Research Laboratories, Executive Director of Public Policy and most recently, Vice President of Public Affairs.
Linda holds a BS in Medical Technology from the University of Michigan and a Ph.D. in toxicology/environmental health from the University of Cincinnati, and completed a post-doctoral fellowship in biochemistry at Vanderbilt University. She also holds a JD degree from Rutgers Law School-Newark. Linda is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and a trustee for the Committee for Economic Development, the Africa America Institute, the African Comprehensive HIV/AIDS Partnerships, Inc., and Project HOPE.
Socially Responsible Investing
featuring Frank Dixon, Managing Director, Innovest Strategic Value Advisors
When: Thursday, February 5, 2004, 1:30 p.m. - 3:00 p.m.
Where: Columbia Business School, 330 Uris Hall.
Innovest Strategic Value Advisors is an internationally recognized investment research and advisory firm specializing in analyzing companies' performance on environmental, social, and strategic governance issues, with a particular focus on their impact on competitiveness, profitability, and share price performance.
Founded in 1995 with the mission of identifying non-traditional sources of risk and value potential for investors, the firm currently has over US $1 billion under direct sub-advisory mandates with partners including ABN-AMRO, Mellon Capital, Brown Brothers Harriman, T. Rowe Price, and Credit Lyonnais. Innovest also provides custom portfolio analysis and research to leading fund managers including Schroders, State Street Global Advisors, and Rockefeller & Co. Innovest's institutional clients include two of the largest pension funds in the world ¿ CalPERS (USA) and ABP (Netherlands). In addition, the firm provides research and strategic advice to senior executives of Global Fortune 500 industrial companies.
Sponsored by the Social Enterprise Club. Contact Kivanc Onan (KOnan04@gsb.columbia.edu) for more information.
When: Tuesday, February 3, 2004, 6:00 p.m. - 8:30 p.m.
Where: Dresdner, Kleinwort, Wasserstein
Sheila and Bill Lambert ('72) will host the reception at the midtown offices of Dresdner, Kleinwort, Wasserstein. Address:1301 Avenue of the Americas (btw 52nd & 53rd), 44th Floor. Join current students, alumni and other friends of the Program for this fun event. Contact Carolyn Champ (email@example.com) for more information or to RSVP. Please RSVP by Wednesday, January 28. Your name must be on the guest list for building security purposes.
When: Tuesday, January 27, 2004, 6:00 p.m.
Where: Max Cafe (122nd & Amsterdam)
The Social Enterprise Club welcomes the incoming January students. Come meet your fellow MBA students and learn how to get involved in the Club and Net Impact. Contact Rebecca Thomas (firstname.lastname@example.org) for information.
When: Tuesday, November 25, 2004, 1:30 p.m. - 3:00 p.m.
Where: 301 Uris Hall, Columbia Business School
Come hear about how Mr. Cole started his business and the company's ongoing dedication to social responsibility. Mr. Cole has also agreed to do a book signing of his new book titled "Footnotes", chronicling his company's 20 year history and its dedication to "Doing Well by Doing Good."
Presented by The Retail Club of Columbia Business School for All Students
When: Friday, November 21, 2003
Where: Columbia Business School, 303 Uris Hall.
Ashoka's mission is to develop the profession of social entrepreneurship around the world. It is a global nonprofit organization that searches the world for social entrepreneurs - extraordinary individuals with unprecedented ideas for change in their communities. Ashoka identifies and invests in these social entrepreneurs when no one else will.
It does so through stipends and professional services that allow "Ashoka Fellows" to focus full time on their ideas for leading social change in education and youth development, health care, environment, human rights, access to technology and economic development. Ashoka has invested in more than 1,400 Ashoka Fellows in 48 countries. Those Fellows have tranformed the lives of millions of people in thousands of communities worldwide.
A short presentation by two Ashoka officers will be followed by Q&A with several Ashoka Fellows. Bring your own lunch. Sponsored by the Social Enterprise Club.
MIDI Career Panel
Discover Your Life's Work
When: Wednesday, November 19, 2003
Where: Columbia Business School, 306 Uris Hall.
Josh Klenoff, author of "Essential Questions: A Guide to Creating your Life Plan," will lead this interactive workshop, which will guide participants through the process for discovering a supremely rewarding career path that leads to day-to-day fulfillment, meaningfulness and stimulation. Space is limited to 20. Sponsored by MIDI.
When: Tuesday, November 18, 2003
Where: Columbia Business School, 326 Uris Hall.
A lunchtime discussion with Dan Bross, Director of Community Outreach with Microsoft's Law and Corporate Affairs group. Come learn about Microsoft's corporate social responsibility initiatives. Lunch will be served. Space is limited. RSVP to Rebecca Thomas (rst2007). Sponsored by the SEC and the SEP.
Young Alumni Council Career Panel
How to structure your customized/off-campus career search
When: Monday, November 17, 2003
Where: Columbia Business School, Uris Hall.
Alumni working in the areas of Social enterprise, Media, Investment management, Restructuring, and Marketing will be present.
NESsT: Social Enterprise in Emerging Markets
Managers in International Development Initiative present: Annabel Ipsin
When: Tuesday, November 11, 2003
Where: Columbia Business School, 307 Uris Hall.
NESsT (www.nesst.org) is an international, nonprofit organization that works to strengthen the financial independence of civil society organizations (CSOs). From our regional offices in Budapest (Hungary) and Santiago (Chile), NESsT applies a philanthropic investment approach to support social enterprise in emerging market countries. Through our NESsT Venture Fund, we invest in a portfolio of social enterprises to help strengthen their missions and advance their financial sustainability by generating their own untied revenues to supplement those of external donors. Today more than two-hundred and fifty organizations have received capacity building support in organizational readiness and social enterprise development through the Fund.
If you are interested in attending or helping us to promote this event, please contact Annabel Ipsen at email@example.com Please feel free to forward this message and information to any associations, list serves or other interested parties.
Second Annual Social Enterprise Conference
Doing Well by Doing Good: Achieving Blended Value in Business
When: Friday, October 24, 2003
Where:Columbia Business School, Uris Hall.
The conference will highlight efforts within the corporate, not-for-profit and government sectors to generate financial, social and environmental wealth through innovative business practices and partnerships. The day-long event will feature a morning keynote address by Gary Hirshberg, President and CEO, Stonyfield Farm.
Nonprofit Consulting: Case Studies from the Field
Presented by: Liz Maw, The Bridgespan Group
When: Friday, October 10, 2003
Where: Columbia Business School, 333 Uris Hall
Biography: Liz Maw (MBA '01)
Liz currently works as a strategic consultant to nonprofit organizations for The Bridgespan Group-a nonprofit affiliated with Bain and Company. She holds an MBA from Columbia University and a BA with honors from Yale University.
About The Bridgespan Group
The Bridgespan Group is a not-for-profit strategic consulting firm focused exclusively on the nonprofit sector. The firm brings leading-edge strategies and tools from the private sector to address the challenges and opportunities facing nonprofit organizations and foundations.
While for-profit approaches provide a powerful starting point, Bridgespan recognizes that the nonprofit sector is different and requires distinctive strategies for producing results. Bridgespan was created to meet that need, bridging the two sectors to bring new ideas and talent to bear on the task of building strong nonprofit organizations.
For more information, visit www.bridgespan.org
Global Social Venture Competition Annual Symposium
Challenges and Opportunities for Social Ventures
When: Friday, October 10, 2003
Where: Columbia Business School, Uris Hall
The Global Social Venture Competition (GSVC), which aims to catalyze and promote the creation of financially self-sufficient or profitable social ventures, holds a symposium in the fall of each year to bring together social ventures and investors with faculty and students from the nation's leading business schools to explore issues relevant to nonprofit and for-profit social entrepreneurs and investors. The symposium will explore current trends in the capital markets affecting social entrepreneurs; highlight the experience of several leading experienced social venture entrepreneurs in getting to break-even and scale; and act as a community-building opportunity for social venture entrepreneurs, social venture board members, academics and students, and foundation, venture capital, and corporate investors from New York and around the world.
Keynote speaker: Julius Walls, Jr., President and CEO Greyston Bakery, The Greyston Bakery has become a leader in community development and a role model for other socially conscious businesses. Greyston BakeryÍs profits support the community development work of the Greyston Foundation, which includes housing, child care, health care, a computer learning center, and more.
Distinguished panelists include:
Rob Bowers, Cambridge Associates,
Laura Callanan, Rockefeller Foundation, Pro Ven Ex Fund
Maria Gotsch, New York City Investment Fund
Scott Griffith, CEO Zipcar
Josh Grotstein, Silicon Alley Seed Investors
Tod Hibbard, Fleet Development Ventures
Bill Lese, Braemar Capital
Paul Meyer, CEO Voxiva
David Satterthwaite, CEO, Prisma Microfinance
9:00 - Welcome/Opening Remarks
9:15 - Columbia Business School, RISE Capital Market Report: The Double Bottom Line Private Equity Market in 2003
10:15 - Break
10:30 - Double Bottom Line Funder Panel: DBL Investing: Is it a Fad or an Emerging Asset Class?
12:00 - Luncheon Program
1:30 - CEO Entrepreneurial Solutions Panel
3:15 - Wrap-up and Overview of the 2004 Competition
4:00 - Social Hour
2003 Botwinick Prize in Ethical Practice in the Professions
presented to architect William McDonough
When: Tuesday, October 7 at 1:30 p.m.
Where: 301 Uris Hall
William McDonough will receive the School's prestigious 2003 Botwinick Prize in Ethical Practice in the Professions. Mr. McDonough receives the award in recognition of his leadership in the areas of sustainable development and the environment in business and design.
The award will be bestowed on Tuesday, October 7 at a ceremony attended by Columbia Business School students, faculty and alumni. The event helps launch the School's new ethics curriculum, and reiterates the importance of social and environmental accountability in today's global business environment.
Mr. McDonough is the founding principal of William McDonough + Partners, Architecture and Community Design, an internationally recognized design firm practicing ecologically, socially and economically intelligent architecture. Well-known for his work in this area, Mr. McDonough has received several awards including the Presidential Award for Sustainable Business presented by President Bill Clinton in 1996.
When: Saturday, September 13, 2003 - All Day
Where: Catskill, NY at the Horton-Dinan weekend retreat
This annual upstate social gathering gives new students a chance to meet second year students, SEP staff, faculty and other friends of the Program.