NEW YORK – The corporate culture of firms is credited when they succeed and blamed when scandal hits. But what is corporate culture and what effect does it really have on a company’s bottom line? A new survey of nearly 2,000 CEOs and CFOs conducted by Columbia Business School and Duke University’s Fuqua School of Business reveals that corporate culture can drive profitability, acquisition decisions, and even affect whether employees behave ethically.
“We discovered that culture is almost like air – it’s everywhere yet invisible. But when harnessed correctly, corporate culture can turn into a tailwind of progress instead of a headwind of obstruction,” said Columbia Business School Professor Shivaram Rajgopal, “Our research provides systematic evidence – perhaps for first time – that companies with effective corporate cultures are less likely to be associated with unethical behavior, short-termism, or using real earnings management to pad quarterly earnings."
Over the past 13 months, Rajgopal, along with his co-authors Jillian Popadak, John Graham, and Campbell Harvey, surveyed almost 2,000 CEOs and CFOs around the globe, and then additionally interviewed executives at nearly two dozen mostly large firms with average sales of $50 billion. Executives overwhelmingly indicate that an effective corporate culture is essential for a company to thrive in the modern business world. In fact;
More than 90 percent of executives said culture was important at their firms;
78 percent said culture is among the top five things that make their company valuable;
And more than 50 percent of executives said corporate culture influences productivity, creativity, profitability, firm value and growth rates;
Only 15 percent said their own corporate culture was exactly where it needed to be;
And 92 percent said they believed improving their firm’s corporate culture would improve the value of the company.
The authors presented preliminary results during a conference at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. The survey closed on October 31 and further results will be released as the data is analyzed more closely.
“We set out to discover which mechanisms and corporate policies lead to effective corporate culture and how an effective corporate culture relates to outcomes such as risk-taking and long-term value creation,” said Popadak.
Through the research, executives defined culture as a company’s tone, operating style, standard of behavior and even the “invisible hand” that guides a firm. They characterized culture as the shared values that guide employee decision making. While the survey found governance and financial incentives can reinforce culture the researchers concluded that culture was more than a mission statement or code of conduct.
Interestingly, nearly half of the executives surveyed said they would not acquire a company whose culture was not aligned with their own.
“There is a lot of talk about culture and next to no scientific research; we have filled that gap,” said Harvey. “CEOs and CFOs are very clear that getting culture right enhances value, but it is a puzzle in that if culture is so important to value, why do we hear very few CEOs talking about it?”
To learn more about cutting-edge research being performed by Columbia Business School faculty members, please visit www.gsb.columbia.edu.
About Columbia Business School
Columbia Business School is the only world–class, Ivy League business school that delivers a learning experience where academic excellence meets with real–time exposure to the pulse of global business. Led by Dean Glenn Hubbard, the School’s transformative curriculum bridges academic theory with unparalleled exposure to real–world business practice, equipping students with an entrepreneurial mindset that allows them to recognize, capture, and create opportunity in any business environment. The thought leadership of the School’s faculty and staff, combined with the accomplishments of its distinguished alumni and position in the center of global business, means that the School’s efforts have an immediate, measurable impact on the forces shaping business every day. To learn more about Columbia Business School’s position at the very center of business, please visit www.gsb.columbia.edu.
About the researcher
Shiva Rajgopal is the Kester and Byrnes Professor of Accounting and Auditing at Columbia Business School. He has also been a faculty member...Read more.