Findings from researchers at Columbia Business School and INSEAD add to growing evidence that creativity is a skill that can be learned and enhanced
NEW YORK — Building close connections with a person from another culture, whether through relationships based in romance or friendship, can help enhance individuals’ creativity and innovation, according to new research findings from researchers at leading international business schools Columbia Business School and INSEAD. These findings will appear in an upcoming issue of Journal of Applied Psychology, a premier journal of the American Psychological Association.
Now, more than ever, creativity, innovation and entrepreneurship are necessary to attain a competitive advantage. “Every culture contains layers of assumptions, beliefs, customs, norms, and values,” said INSEAD Professor William Maddux. “Through getting to know someone from another culture at a deep level, we come to understand not just who they are, but also the culture that shaped them and guides their thinking.”
However, not all intercultural experiences have the same effect on creativity and innovation.
“People who had deep connections with someone from another culture experience growth in creativity — but this creative boost does not occur when people only have shallow connections with people from other cultures,” says Adam Galinsky, Chair of the Management Division at Columbia Business School. “For example, we have consistently found that people who have lived abroad have an increase in creativity, but that travel abroad has very little effect. The deeper your connection, the deeper your understanding of this other culture, and the more creative you’re going to become.”
The researchers conclude that individuals looking to improve their creativity should actively seek opportunities that allow them to “step outside [of] their cultural comfort zone,” such as organizing a language exchange program. They also suggest that companies have the opportunity to enhance creativity across their organizations by embracing the diversity of their workforce.
The research, “‘Going Out’ of the Box: Close Intercultural Friendships and Romantic Relationships Spark Creativity, Workplace Innovation, and Entrepreneurship,” is soon to be published in the Journal of Applied Psychology. It was authored by Columbia’s Galinsky and INSEAD’s Maddux, in conjunction with lead author Jackson Lu, a PhD student at Columbia Business School, Andrew Hafenbrack of Católica-Lisbon School of Business and Economics, Paul Eastwick of UC-Davis, and Dan Wang of Columbia Business School.
Behind the Research Findings
The authors conducted several field studies to develop their findings.
In one study researchers looked at the dating histories of individuals after they had completed creativity tests. They then compared their test scores to the dating histories and discovered that those with extended intercultural romantic relationships performed well on the tests. Interestingly, they found that the length of the relationship was a far greater influencer on creativity than the number of intercultural relationships a person has.
In another study, more than 100 MBA students representing 39 nationalities were given creative tests at the beginning and end of their MBA program. Students who indicated that they had been romantically involved with someone from another culture during their 10-month program displayed higher creative performance on the tests.
A final study sought to identify the impact that intercultural friendship – as opposed to intercultural romantic relationships – has on creative enhancement. The researchers solicited information from more than 2,000 global professionals who had previously (but no longer) worked in the United States, specifically asking participants about professional accomplishments as well as if they continued to maintain close relationships with friends from the U.S. Professionals who indicated that they maintained close relationships with friends from the U.S. were more likely to have greater creative accomplishments than those who did not maintain close relationships, as measured by the number of professionals who either started their own businesses or produced new innovations within their companies.
To learn more about the research, as well as other cutting-edge findings from leading business school academics, please visit gsb.columbia.edu or knowledge.insead.edu.
About Columbia Business School
Columbia Business School is the only world–class, Ivy League business school that delivers a learning experience where academic excellence meets with real–time exposure to the pulse of global business. Led by Dean Glenn Hubbard, the School’s transformative curriculum bridges academic theory with unparalleled exposure to real–world business practice, equipping students with an entrepreneurial mindset that allows them to recognize, capture, and create opportunity in any business environment. The thought leadership of the School’s faculty and staff, combined with the accomplishments of its distinguished alumni and position in the center of global business, means that the School’s efforts have an immediate, measurable impact on the forces shaping business every day. To learn more about Columbia Business School’s position at the very center of business, please visit www.gsb.columbia.edu.
As one of the world's leading and largest graduate business schools, INSEAD offers participants a truly global educational experience. With campuses in Europe (France), Asia (Singapore) and Middle East (Abu Dhabi), INSEAD's business education and research spans three continents. Our 145 renowned faculty members from 40 countries inspire more than 1,400 students in our degree and PhD programmes. In addition, more than 11,000 executives participate in INSEAD's executive education programmes each year. INSEAD’s MBA programme is ranked #1 by the Financial Times in 2016 and 2017. More information about INSEAD can be found at www.insead.edu.
About the researchers
Adam Galinsky is currently the chair of the Management Division and the Vikram S. Pandit Professor of Business at the Columbia Business School. Read more.
Dan Wang is David W. Zalaznick Associate Professor of Management and (by courtesy) Sociology at Columbia Business School. He teaches the core EMBA...Read more.