This paper lays out a comprehensive solution to the problem of accounting for claims based the performance of a firm's stock price. The accounting covers employee stock options, stock appreciation rights, put and call options, convertible debt and preferred stock, warrants, and other hybrid securities. This issue has vexed the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) and International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) who have approached the problem on a piecemeal basis, leading to inconsistent treatments of claims that in substance are very similar.
Ohlson, James, and Stephen Penman. "Debt Versus Equity: Accounting for Claims Contingent on Firms' Common Stock Performance." CEASA White Paper Series, Center for Excellence in Accounting and Security Analysis, New York, N.Y., January 2005.
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