We document that a large share of the gender pay gap in Brazil is due to women working at lower-paying employers. At the same time, women's revealed-preference ranking of employers is less increasing in pay compared to that of men. To interpret these facts, we develop an empirical equilibrium search model with endogenous gender differences in pay, amenities, and recruiting intensities across employers. The estimated model suggests that compensating differentials explain one-fifth of the gender pay gap, that there are significant output and welfare gains from eliminating gender differences, and that equal-treatment policies fail to close the gender pay gap.
Morchio, Iacopo, and Christian Moser. "The Gender Pay Gap: Micro Sources and Macro Consequences." Columbia Business School, July 31, 2020.
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