Past research has indicated that rapport helps negotiators overcome interpersonal friction and find cooperative agreements. Study 1 explored differences in the behavioral dynamics evoked by e-mail versus face-to-face negotiation. Although some behavioral content categories differed in ways pointing to strengths of e-mail, the strongest patten was that e-mail inhibited the process of exchanging personal information through which negotiators establish rapport. The authors hypothesized that the liabilities of e-mail might be minimized by a pre-negotiation intervention of social lubrication. To test this in Study 2, half of dyads had a brief personal telephone conversation ("schmoozed") before commencing e-mail negotiations, and half did not. Schmoozers felt more rapport, their plans were more trusting (although no less ambitious), and their economic and social outcomes were better. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2003 APA, all rights reserved)
Morris, Michael, Janice Nadler, Terri Kurtzberg, and Leigh Thompson. "Schmooze or Lose: Social Friction and Lubrication in E-mail Negotiations." Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice 6, no. 1 (March 2002): 89-100.
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