We examine a queueing system with multiple primary servers and a fewer number of auxiliary servers. There are two classes of customers—those who require service from a primary server working alone and those who require service from a primary server who is assisted by an auxiliary server. Though the apparent Markovian state space is five-dimensional, we show that an aggregation results in an exact two-dimensional representation which is Markovian. Matrix geometric theory is used to obtain approximations for the mean delay and blocking probability of each customer type.
Green, Linda. "A queueing system with auxiliary servers." Management Science 30, no. 10 (October 1984): 1207-1216.
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